The Christmas Stump

From Erzgebirge, Germany, to Wartburg, Tennessee
December 1, 2023 to January 10, 2024
East Tennessee Streetscape

A Family's Christmas Tradition

Charles Gottlieb Ficke/Fickey and wife Ernestine Augusta Auerswald, through whom the crèche (above) and Christmas carousel (right) descended, immigrated to the United States from the Saxony region of Germany in 1883. Accompanying them were their sons Ernest, 15, and Theodore, 10.

An anecdotal account has the Fickeys heading to Wartburg (Morgan County), which had been established in 1844 by the East Tennessee Colonization Company for the promotion of land sales in the Cumberland region. The company’s greatest marketing efforts were targeted at the German kingdom of Saxony, where many were seeking to escape poor economic conditions. Most European newcomers arrived in Wartburg between 1846 and 1855, but by 1870, the town had lost its significance as a German-Swiss center. With complaints about the price of land and its lack of productivity,  many of the dissatisfied departed for Knoxville, Kingston, Rockwood, or Nashville.  

While no official records have as yet been located to confirm the Fickeys presence in Wartburg in 1883, it is known that by his early 30s, Ernest Fickey (1868-1946) was living in Rockwood, where he and his wife, Laura, were parents to eight children. Census information shows him variously as a coal miner and a carpenter. 

The legend of this German crèche—called the Christmas Stump by the family—indicates that it had origins in the Fickey’s home district of Erzgebirge some 150 years before being brought to this country. Family members added figures by working on pieces during the winter months, and various wood-working styles are evident. This collection is tied to the Erzgebirge carving tradition, which grew from the decline in silver and tin mining in the Ore Mountains during the 17th century and became an important supplemental income for miners’ families. Around 1930, Ernest was concerned about the long-term preservation of the nativity set and transferred ownership to his physician, Dr. George E. Wilson (1886-1961), also of Rockwood. Immediately cherished by its new owner, the set has descended through his family.

The Christmas Stump Conservation Fund

The Museum of East Tennessee History received the creche in 2014 as a donation from the family. We have been lucky enough to have the space and ability to display it at the museum. Although, by touching the objects every year, we take the risk of limiting how long we will have these objects due to their fragile nature. The creche is made up of over 80 hand-painted wood miniatures that are now over 150 years old. The paint and wood are becoming increasingly more delicate. In order to ensure that we can properly conserve these objects and preserve them for years to come, we must take steps towards their care. We plan to work with a conservator in the region to move forward with a proper cleaning and any repairs that need to be done. Then we will work with a fabricator to build a base for the display with mounts to limit the amount that the curators have to touch the objects. We feel that this may be our last year to display, until proper conservation and preventative measures are done

 

Christmas carousel
Credits: 

East Tennessee Historical Society Permanent Collection, gift of the George E. Wilson Jr. Family